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Knee ligament injuries

IVRJoint rehabilitationKnee ligament injuries

Typically, knee ligament injuries appear when one or several ligaments are torn or hyperextended. Most commonly, it happens as a result of unnatural knee joint movements or ligamentous weakness which overload the patella.

Sudden turns of the upper part of the body or the hips and unchanging position of the supporting lower leg can be the causes of injuries of the cruciate ligamentі. Football, basketball, hockey, skiing, and weightlifting are often fraught with intraarticular injuries with involvement of ligaments, cartilage, and bones.

Usually, tension of collateral (fibular and tibial) ligaments occurs as a result of excessive rotation of the lower leg during falls or twists and can be accompanied with ruptures of the cruciate ligament and the meniscus.

Knee ligament injury symptoms 

  1. Sudden and severe pain at rest and on movement;

  2. Instability and unnatural movements in the joint;

  3. Soft tissue swelling around the joint; and

  4. Painful crepitus on movement. 

Treatment of knee ligament injuries at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation

Conservative treatment would be sufficient when there are no ligament ruptures. It is necessary to consult a doctor; the doctor will prescribe additional examinations (MRI or multi-view X-ray), if necessary. After diagnosis and in the absence of significant intra-articular injuries, the doctor prescribes an individual treatment course, which may include both therapeutic blockades for pain management and physical therapy for relief of inflammation and regeneration of periarticular tissues, and therapeutic massage therapy during mild periods.

During mild periods, 3-4 weeks after the injury, it is important to train strength and condition the thigh and lower leg muscles in order to restore the regular mobility, as well as put mild controlled loads on the muscles and ligaments supporting the knee.

In order to tone the muscles around the joint, we use specialized David medical training stimulators, providing therapeutic computer-controlled loads. Training can be quite intensive so that the patients are able go back to the regular life as soon as possible, yet safe enough, since the joints are fixed at proper angles during exercise with the special motion stoppers.

David F200-DMS Eve

The David F200-DMS Eve and David F300-DMS Eve training stimulators are used at the Center for development and strengthening of muscle and ligament mobility, as well as improvement of the knee joint mobility function and training of the quadriceps and posterior thigh muscles. They are equipped with unique mechanisms controlling back and ankle joints in such a manner as to focus on the impact of the training stimulator exclusively on certain patient’s muscles.

David F260-DMS Eve

The David F260-DMS Eve training stimulator is used at the Center for development of the biceps femoris muscles and gluteus maximus muscles involved in extension of the hip joints. The training stimulator is equipped with a special platform for adjustment of legs and hips, which allows for proper geometry of patients’ bodies during training and is suitable for patients of all heights and sizes.

David F300-DMS Eve

The David F200-DMS Eve and David F300-DMS Eve training stimulators are used at the Center for development and strengthening of muscle and ligament mobility, as well as improvement of the knee joint mobility function and training of the quadriceps and posterior thigh muscles. They are equipped with unique mechanisms controlling back and ankle joints in such a manner as to focus on the impact of the training stimulator exclusively on certain patient’s muscles.

David F310-DMS Eve

The David F310-DMS Eve and David F320-DMS Eve stimulators are used at the Center for development of mobility of the hip joints and strengthening of the gluteus minimum and gluteus maximus muscles, adductor magnus, adductor longus and adductor brevis muscles. They are equipped with special contour seats, back supports for added safety, safety belts, and lateral support for the knee joint.

David F320-DMS Eve

The David F310-DMS Eve and David F320-DMS Eve stimulators are used at the Center for development of mobility of the hip joints and strengthening of the gluteus minimum and gluteus maximus muscles, adductor magnus, adductor longus and adductor brevis muscles. They are equipped with special contour seats, back supports for added safety, safety belts, and lateral support for the knee joint.

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