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Scoliosis and scoliotic posture

IVRSpine strengtheningScoliosis and scoliotic posture

Scoliotic posture is a functional curvature of the spine to the right or left in the frontal plane in the thoracic or lumbar spine.

Scoliosis is a fixed curvature of the spine in the frontal plane with torsion and deformation of vertebral bodies.

Types of scoliotic posture

1. Scoliotic posture

2. Rounded back

3. Forward head

4. Flat back

5. Swayback

6. Kyphoscoliosis

7. Lordoscoliosis

Types of scoliosis

The degree of scoliosis according to Chaklin’s classification describes the angle of deformity:

1) 5-10 degrees

2) 11-30 degrees

3) 31-60 degrees

4) 61<degrees

Depending on the area of curvature, the spine scoliosis is classified as:

  • Chest or thoracic scoliosis, described by the curvature of the thoracic spine.
  • Thoracolumbar scoliosis, described by the curvature at the junction of thoracic and lumbar spine.
  • Lumbar scoliosis, described by the curvature of the lumbar spine.

Scoliosis with one abnormal curve is called C-shaped. Scoliosis with two abnormal curves, basic and compensatory, is called S-shaped.

Generally, scoliosis manifests in children and adolescents. It is attributed to the period of active growth, when children’s and adolescents’ locomotor systems are rapidly developing, and muscles are often unable to “catch up” to their growth. Still, there are numerous causes for scoliosis.

Causes of scoliosis

1. Congenital spinal deformities.

2. Neurogenic scoliosis (following spinal cord diseases, such as polio or cerebral palsy).

3. Rachitic scoliosis (following rickets at an early age).

4. Scoliosis as a consequence of lesions of the lower limbs, such as congenital hip dislocation.

5. Post-traumatic scoliosis.

6. Idiopathic (spontaneously appearing) scoliosis. Most cases of scoliosis are of idiopathic origin.

Scoliosis treatment options at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation

In order to prevent progression of scoliotic posture into scoliosis and progression of scoliosis into severe spinal deformities, professionals at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation recommend seeking medical assistance at the earliest stages of asymmetry in the vertebral column.

Treatment of spinal curvatures at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation starts with complex diagnostics, whereupon our experts develop special scoliosis treatment course for personal needs of every patient. The treatment course includes therapeutic massage, magnetic therapy and electrotherapy.

In order to consolidate the results of treatment for a long time, doctors at the Institute of Vertebrology and Rehabilitation develop individual physical therapy courses for all patients using David professional medical training stimulators. Scoliosis is a common medical condition with uneven development of musculature on the sides of the spine, resulting in muscular disability to support the spine in its normal position. Therefore, physical exercises aimed at correction of imbalance are the primary method of treatment for the 1st degree and 2nd degree scoliosis.

Treatment begins with computer imaging, which clearly shows asymmetrically developed muscles; then doctors and rehabilitation professionals develop treatment programs for correction of the imbalance in the musculoskeletal system and strengthen the “corset muscles” of the spine.

DAVID F110 DMS-EVE

The DAVID F110 DMS-EVE is one of the most essential training devices for back pain relief often used for training of the iliocostal muscles of the chest and back, longissimus dorsi muscle.

DAVID F120 DMS-EVE

The DAVID F120 DMS-EVE training stimulator allows rotation in the thoracic and lumbar spine, providing individual load and amplitude for every patient. During training sessions the lower part of the body is rotating, shoulders and knees are stabilized with a special stabilizing mechanism, internal and external oblique muscles, transverse muscles of the back, deep rotator cuff muscles, semispinal muscles, and deep multifidus muscles are properly developing.

DAVID F130 DMS-EVE

The DAVID F130 DMS-EVE training stimulator is used for the muscles flexing the thoracic and lumbar spine. The stimulator is equipped with a special stabilizing mechanism for patients’ shoulders and knees. This allows for the focus on training of the abdominal wall muscles, which are of the primary importance for the health of the back and abdominal organs.

DAVID F150 DMS-EVE

The DAVID F150 DMS-EVE training stimulator is used for improvement of mobility of the thoracic and lumbar spine, enhancement of the square and psoas major muscles. An important operating concept of the training stimulator, as well as in the case of the rest of the stimulators in the product line, is the alignment of the spinal axis with the rotation axis of the stimulator. Similarly to the F120 stimulator, DAVID F150 DMS-EVE is good for the abdominal muscles, including the oblique muscles.

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